Happy Republic Day 2017: Tomorrow is Republic Day. On this occasion, every Indian remembers the struggles and the sacrifices made by our valiant freedom fighters who laid down their lives so that in 1950, India would finally have its own constitution. It is this sovereign, secular and federal republic that is India which is vibrant, democratic and desirable. Now commonly known as a national holiday, the republic day has a rich and chequered history that is hardly uncovered. We have prepared a list of eight facts which will satiate your appetite for trivia for today.
Happy Republic Day 2017: Important Facts to Check
- Did you know that the first Republic Day was celebrated in 1950, three years after we attained independence? Thi is a fact only avid quizzers will know. The reason for the delay is not difficult to imagine. The scholars including Dr Ambedkar who designed and framed our constitution needed time to frame thislongest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949and came into effect on 26 January 1950. The act replaced the Government of India Act, 1935 as the country’s fundamental and most essential governing document.
- The Republic Day is not just a one-day celebration on January 26. The celebrations are spread over 3-days and always end with the very carefully orchestrated Beating Retreat on January 29. The Retreat is performed by the bands of the three wings of the military, which encompasses the Indian Army, the Indian Navy and theIndian Air Force. The venue is Raisina Hill, which is a natural choice, and the adjoining Vijay Chowk.
- The first chief guest for the Republic Day was the Indonesian President Sukarno. In 1950, he was still the acting president. Sukarno is credited with the creation of modern Indonesia. He was the leader of his country’s struggle for independence from the Netherlands. He also spent over a decade under Dutch detention until released by the invading Japanese forces during the WW2.
- Did you know thatRajpath wasn’t always where the R-Day parade is traditionally held? That’s right: during the years 1950–1954, the celebrations were organised at different venues which included Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, the Red Fort and the Ramlila Grounds. The last two venues were dismissed for being too cramped and for being too spacious, respectively. The formations we see on the R-Day celebrations require a semblance of order. The Rajpath venue became preferred post-1955.
- Queen Elizabeth II was the chief guest in the 1961 celebrations. This marked the first time a British premier was present after the Raj ended.
- On the occasion of the celebrations, popular tunes like Abide With Me, the famous Christian hymn by Scottish Anglican Henry Francis Lyte andMahatma Gandhi’s favourite hymn, is played. A rendition of Saare Jahan Se Achchamarks the end of festivities.
- On the first R-Day in 1950, the first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad took oath at Durbar Hall of the government house.
- Nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army in addition to the Navy and Air Force with their bands will march past in all their official finery. The President of India, the CIC of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. Twelve contingents of various para-military forces of India and other civil forces have traditionally also taken part in this parade.
Happy Republic Day Images and Wallpaper 2017