All You Need to Know in the Fire Risk Assessment Overview: Every human being is prone to fire risk; that’s why everyone must learn of the appropriate safety measures to be taken in case of a fire. All ages are brought to the fine understanding of what to do in case of the danger of fire. Responsible people always run a fire assessment risk that includes measures to reduce or eliminate the risk of fire as well as identify persons at risk.
Every country has a risk assessment guidance that is released to carry out the operations as required. For example, London Fire Risk Assessment ensures that you conduct a fire risk assessment often to ensure safety is highly maintained. Every property, whether residential or commercial, is required to carry out a risk assessment and table their report with the authorities in London.
This practice ensures that any damaged or broken fire fighting equipment is repaired and fire equipment kept in an open area for all to see and use them in case of a fire.
What is the level and experience of the risk assessor as required by the law?
The risk assessor, whether in residential or commercial property, must be well skilled with the right capabilities in respect to the risk assessment process. Professional qualifications are critical in ensuring that a person knows and understands what exactly they are looking for.
The danger of using an under qualified person is lacking the right skills to test the fire equipment or to read the dangers that may be obvious.
The conception of the fire hazard
To be able to fully understand the importance of fire risk assessment, you have to first understand the definition of a fire hazard. A fire comes in two components that are against each other. One is the likelihood of the fire actually happening while the other is the scale of fatalities of that fire.
Maybe to understand this aspect better, think of an example of a fabrication workshop having a high possibility of a fire due to the cutting and welding that is happening. If the workshop does not have any combustible substances, then the fire is not likely to spread at all.
In this scenario, if a spray can was to carelessly lie around the workshop, then the chances of an explosion occurring in case of a fire would be higher than before. Such are risks that can be reduced and eliminated to the least minimum percentage to mitigate the danger. They are good housekeeping tips that every risk assessor should help the public to learn about.
The risk assessor comes in to ensure that the measures that are proposed are strictly adhered to by everyone in the society.
What are the purposes of risk assessment?
The fire safety department comes with critical principles that ensure a risk assessment is carried our properly. The right person responsible for undertaking such a task is required to identify the risks that are common in the workplace as well as give the correct advice to secure everyone.
The responsible person must:
- Identify all visible and non-visible fire hazards as well as people who are at risk and work to reduce the risk of the identified hazards that can cause damage to a minimum point.
- Control the fire safety measures and manage policies that are essential to support in case a fire broke out.
- Minimize the likelihood of any fire exploding.
- Ensure all the inhabitants are forewarned and can vacate the building safely in the event of a fire.
- Limit the damage in case a fire starts.
The next thing to consider is the fact that all buildings are built and maintained in harmony with building guidelines and is of standard or lower risk.However, if the buildings are not in compliance with the building rules, further direction and action will be essential to take before any harm occurs.This depends on the intricacy, size, momentous risks, occupancy, etc.
The responsible person should be able to help the other people get the right skills to assist in the risk assessment in their homes. This highly competent person should have the necessary experience or training according to the problems they are handling.
It is important to remember that the responsible person remains accountable for the possible outcomes. This is a reminder that the fire risk assessment should be handled with keenness as it deserves.
Possible actions required when conducting a fire risk assessment
Fire risk assessment should be the foundation of all time fire precautions on your property. It is critical to understand all the documents you receive with the purchase of fire equipment before keeping them on your property. Ensure that you keep a copy of the plan of the building to enable you and others to easily escape in case a fire breaks out.
The floor plan also assists in identifying where combustibles and detonation sources come together or are in close proximity.
Identifying fire hazards and possible sources of ignition
The most common causes of fire will assist you in identifying potential fire solutions.For any kind of fire to occur, it requires a basis of ignition,either a flame or heat as well as a prospective source of oxygen and fuel.If the eruption and fuel can be kept away from one another, then the risks are highly minimized.
In order to do this, you must first identify the likely sources of eruption, oxygen and fuel in your home or workplace. To recognise all sources of ignition, the home or workplace must contain heat sources. Some of these are easily identifiable like the open flames or cooking equipment, while others are less clear like chemical processes or electrical equipment.
Possible sources of the explosion are:
Flawed electrical fittings that include:
- light bulbs,
- luminous tubes too close to flammable materials,
- electrical extension adapters,
- faulty and
- damaged wiring.
Sources of frictional heat
- Matches, lighters, candles and smoking materials
- Flames or sparks from a workplace like welding, cutting, grinding or using a hot air gun
- Electrostatic discharges
- Portable heaters
- Cooking equipment that includes deep fryers
- Boilers, engines and other oil burning equipment
- Ovens, kilns, open hearths, furnaces or incinerators
Potential sources of unsafe or fuel situations
- Any unsafe procedures or acts – For example, people smoking next to combustible materials
- Any combustibles – These are divided into two main groups; combustible fuels like paper, wood and cardboard, and highly combustible fuels like thinners, polyurethane foam, solvents, etc.
- Any unsafe conditions – These are hazards that may help the fire to spread in your workplace.
This list is not exhaustive in any way.There are millions of potential sources that can fuel the fire.Take proper caution and carry out the fire risk assessment.If not, hire someone to carry out the assessment for you.