Krishna Janmashtami widely celebrated across India as well as abroad is known as an auspicious occasion as a result of Lord Krishna birth anniversary. The event celebrated in every part of the country have different names such as Krishnashtami, Sree Jayanti, Saatam Aatham, Ashtami Rohini, Srikrishna Jayanti, or simply Janmashtami. The respective Sri Krishna Janmashtami 2016 is an annual celebration of the birth of Lord Krishna, a Hindu Deity, the 8th avatar of Lord Vishnu.
History of Krishna Janmashtami
The festival is celebrated on 8th day i.e. Ashtami of Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in the month of Bhadrapada ( August-September) from the Hindu Calendar. Based on scriptural details and astrological calculations, the date of Lord Krishna’s birth, is 18 July 3228 BCE and he lived until 18 February 3102 BCE. He belonged to the Vrishni clan of Yadavas from Mathura and was the eighth son born to the princess Devaki and her husband Vasudeva. King Kansa, Devaki’s brother, had ascended the throne by imprisoning his father, King Ugrasena. Afraid of a prophecy that predicted his death at the hands of Devaki’s eighth son (Lord Krishna), Kansa had the couple locked in a prison cell. After Kansa killed the first six children, and Devaki’s apparent miscarriage of the seventh (which was actually a secret transfer of the infant to Rohini as Balarama), Krishna was born. Hence, the hour when he was born, is celebrated as Krishna Janmashtami and this year Krishnamashtami/Janmashtami 2016 will be celebrated in Bhadrapada.
Auspicious Date of Janmashtami 2016
The 5243rd birth anniversary of Lord Krishna will be commenced on an auspicious date of August 25th, 2016, on Thursday.
Muhurat/Timing of Janmashtami 2016
The Nishitha Kala Muhurat will start from 23:15 p.m. IST to 00:01 a.m. IST had 45 minutes time to do the offerings to Lord Krishna. At the end, the date changes to August 26 which is the day for Parana Time held at 10:52 a.m. Krishna Ashtami will be completed by Sunrise as Nishitha Time on August 26 where the nakshatra end for Krishna Janmashtami 2016.
Celebrations At Janmashtami 2016
Hindus celebrate Janmashtami by fasting, worshipping Krishna and staying up until midnight, and offer prayers at a special time when Krishna is believed to have been born. Images of Krishna’s infancy are placed in swings and cradles in temples and homes. At midnight, devotees gather around for devotional songs, dance and exchange gifts. Some temples also conduct readings of the Hindu religious scripture Bhagavad Gita. Sri Krishna Janmashtami 2016 will be celebrated in different ways in different places and States.
- Maharashtra: Dahi Handi
- Uttar Pradesh: Krishna childhood is celebrated in temples of Vrindavan, Mathura, Gokul.
- Gujarat : Celebration in Dwarkadhisha Temple as King of Dwarka (now extinct city)
- Jammu : Kite Flying
- Odisha : Fasting and Chanting of Shlokas until Midnight
- West Bengal : Purana Pravachana from Bhagavata Purana, recited from the 10th Skanda(pastimes of Krishna)
- Assam : Namghars, Janmaashtami Nam, Puja, Sharing Food in the form of Prasad
- Manipur : Krishna Janm, Prasad
- Tamil Nadu : Gokul Ashtami, Recitation of Bhagavad Gita, Decorations with Kolam, Geetha Govindam
- Andhra Pradesh : Recitation of Shlokas, Devotional Songs, Milk and Curd Offered, Worship through Paintings and not Idols.
- Nepal : Fasting until midnight, chant shlokas, Offer flower, coin, food, etc.
- Bangladesh: National Holiday, Procession starts from Dhakeshwari Temple to Old Dhaka.
- Pakistan: Celebration in Sri Swaminarayan Mandir in Karachi with Bhajans, and sermons.
- Fiji: Krishna Ashtami, gathering at homes and temples to form mandalis, recite Bhagavata Purana, devotional songs, distribute Prasadam until midnight.
Fasting Rules in Janmashtami 2016
Fasting rules, some way or the other, are almost same around the globe for Krishna Janmashtami. No grains should be consumed during a current year of Janmashtami 2016, fasting until the fast is broken on next day after Sunrise. All rules followed during Ekadashi fasting should be followed during Janmashtami fasting also. Parana which means breaking the fast should be done at an appropriate time.It is mostly done on next day after Sunrise when Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra are over. If Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra don’t get over before Sunset then fast can be broken during day time when either Ashtami Tithi or Rohini Nakshatra is over. When neither Ashtami Tithi nor Rohini Nakshatra is over before Sunset or even Hindu Midnight (also known as Nishita Time), one should wait to get them over before breaking the fast. Devotees who are not able to follow two days fasting might break the fast on next day after Sunrise, as opinionated in Dharmasindhu.
Puja Vidhi of Janmashtami 2016
The following pious activity Puja Vidhi includes 16 steps which have to be followed as a part of Shodashopachara.
- Dhyanam: Dhyana should be done in front of already installed Lord Krishna statue in front of the people.
- Avahanam: Aavahan Mudra is formed by joining both palms and folding both thumbs inwards.
- Asanam: After Lord Krishna has been invoked, take five flowers in Anjali (by joining palm of both hands) and leave them in front of the Murti to offer a seat to Shri Krishna.
- Padya: After offering a seat to Lord Krishna offer Him water to wash the feet.
- Arghya: After Padya offering, offer water to Shri Krishna for head Abhishekam or pouring water from the above on Lord Krishna’s idol.
- Achamaniyam: After Arghya offering, offer water to Shri Krishna for Achamana (water for sipping).
- Snanam: After Achamana, offer water to Shri Krishna for the bath.
- Vastra: Now offer Moli (मोली) as new clothes to Shri Krishna.
- Yajnopavita: After Vastra offering, offer Yajnopavita to Shri Krishna.
- Gandha: After Yajnopavita offering, provide scent to Shri Krishna
- Abharanam Hastabhushan: Now offer jewellery (Abhushana) to Shri Krishna
- Nana Parimala Dravya: Now offer various fragrance stuffs to Lord Krishna.
- Pushpa: Now offer flowers to Lord Krishna
- Atha Angapuja: Now worship those Gods who are body parts of Shri Krishna itself. For that take Gandha, Akshata and Pushpa in left hand and leave them near to Lord Krishna Murti with right hand
- Dhupam: Now offer Dhupa (fragrant sticks) to Shri Krishna
- Deepam: Now offer Deep/Diya to Shri Krishna
Items Required for Puja
- New clothes for Lord Krishna
- Bansuri (flute), ornaments for Lord
- Shankha – conch shell
- Pooja thali which consists pooja ingredients
- Ghata – bell
- Diya – earthen pot
- Chawal – rice
- Elaichi – Cardamom
- Supari – betel nut
- Paan Patta – betel leaves
- Mauli thread
- Gangajal – sacred water
- Sindoor – Vermillion paste
- Agarbatti – incense sticks
Shlokas/Chants During Puja
Om Shri Krishnaya Namah। Dhyanat Dhyanam Samarpayami॥ Shri Kleem Krishnaya Namah, Saparivara Sahita,
Shri Balakrishnam Avahayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Asanam Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Padoyo Padyam Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Arghyam Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Achamaniyam Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Malapakarsha Snanam Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Vastrayugmam Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Yajnopavitam Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Gandham Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Abharanani Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Hastabhushanam Samarpayami॥Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Nana Parimala Dravyam Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Pushpani Samarpayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Sarvangani Pujayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Dhupam Aghrapayami॥ Om Shri Balakrishnaya Namah। Deepam Darshayami॥ (Reference taken from DrikPanchang)
Therefore, here are all the details regarding Krishna Janmashtami 2016. May Lord Krishna shower all his blessings upon you. Happy Janmashtami to each one of you.