In today’s world, it only takes a few minutes to invade someone’s privacy, and social media plays a significant part in it. People are sharing their personal information online, which makes it easier for malicious hackers to misuse the data.
5 Phases of Ethical Hacking You Must Know
Security breaches are growing at a shocking rate, and organizations are shifting focus to mitigate these instances at the root level. Organizations are hiring skilled individuals to secure their businesses, and help identify potential threats on a network, which is known as Ethical Hacking.
An ethical hacker is an individual who can bypass system security and search for loopholes and gather the information that can further be used by the organization to minimize or eliminate any potential threats. To become an ethical hacker, you must have excellent coding and analytical skills. Also, you must learn the nuances of ethical hacking by pursuing a Masters in Cyber Security in India. Let us look at how ethical hackers locate security vulnerabilities present in a company’s network and how pursuing a Masters in Cybersecurity in India can help you get a thriving career in the field.
What Constitutes Ethical Hacking?
There are a few elements that must be in place for you to call yourself an ethical hacker.
- You must have written permission to probe the network and identify any potential risks
- You must respect the company’s or individual’s privacy
- You save your work to avoid exposing it for exploitation
- You let the software developer know of potential security risks
Phases of Ethical Hacking
For a structured ethical hacking process, there is a set of distinct phases, which includes:
Step 1. Reconnaissance
Also known as the Footprintingand information-gathering phase, observations the preparatory step that allows us to get maximum information about the target. It includes identifying the target, finding out its IP address, range, network, and records.
It involves examining the network of the target through the first step,i.e., survey. The hacker requires tools such as dialers, port scanners, network mappers, and vulnerability scanners.
There are three types of scanning:
- Port Scanning involves scanning the target for information such as open ports, live systems, and various services running on the host
- Vulnerability Scanningconsists of checking the target for weaknesses which can be taken advantage of through automated tools
- Network Mapping is the process that helps find the topology of network and host information
Step 3. Gaining Access
After scanning, this is the phase where an ethical hacker breaks into the system or network by designing a blueprint using various tools or methods. The actual hacking begins in this phase. Vulnerabilities discovered in the above two steps will now be leveraged to gain further access to the network system. Also known as owning the system, an ethical hacker escalates the user privileges to control the systems connected to the leading network.
Step 4. Maintaining Access
The aim is to keep the access of the target until the planned tasks are completed. Some hackers harden the system by securing their exclusive access using Trojan, Rootkit, or other flagged files as they want to keep access to future exploration.
Step 5. Covering Tracks
At this step, the ethical hacker clears the system information and secures the network access. Also, the hacker hides any tracks to avoid detection by security personnel and any legal actions. This step involves modifying and uninstalling all applications used.
Scope of Ethical Hacking
In recent years, organizations have realized the importance of ethical hackers in the online world because of the increasing number of cyber-attacks and security breaches. Businesses across the globe are looking to employ ethical hackers with highly specialized skillsets.
Masters in cybersecurity programs in India from reputable institutions such as Jigsaw Academy enables you to kick start your career as an ethical hacker and prepare for being the next generation cybersecurity professionals. The program also provides specialized cybersecurity certifications that keep up with the advanced technology.
To jumpstart a career in cybersecurity, you must develop the right skill set and leverage the right certification program to improve your employability.